Bhojpuri
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Bhojpuri - The Global Indian Dialect

 
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Arya Samaj  Mandir 113/114  Syed Alwi Rd
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// " HOLI HUNGAMA 2011"

Saturday, 26th march 2011

3 pm to 9 pm

Kg, Kembangan CC

Kembangan MRT

ORIGIN

Bhojpuri is a dialect of Hindi and has its origins from a place called Bhojpur located in Eastern UP/Bihar area of Northern India. The Bhojpuri Speaking Belt ranges from Eastern Uttar Pradesh to Bihar.

The early migrants left their ancestral homeland in the late 1880s  to seek a better life in various parts of the world i.e. Surinam, Trinidad, Tobago, British Guyana, Mauritius, Seychellees, South Africa, Maldives, Thailand, Malaya, Singapore and Fiji. Bhojpuri Speaking People are characterised by their frankness, straightforwardness and their melody in the accent.

In other parts of India, at about the same time, the Bhojpuri Speaking People moved and set up homes away from their ancestral villages. The poor people of Bhojpuri region have been forced to leave the land in the absence of employment opportunities in and around this region. The lack of infrastructures for vocational training forced them to resort to work as construction workers in south and west India, as farm workers in Punjab and Haryana, as coolies in almost all the cities of North India, as Rickshaw Pullers in Kolkata and Delhi, as Taxi Drivers in Mumbai (almost 90% from UP) and Kolkata (almost 95% from Bihar), as Pan-walas and Chai-walas every where. 

 ARRIVAL IN SINGAPORE

In Singapore, the first generation Bhojpuri Speaking People (1920-1939) came in the early 1920s and worked as watchmen, milkmen, bus conductors, prison warders, laundrymen and other humble professions in view of their low education. As a people, they were seen as hardy, honest, hardworking, simple and religious. Compared to the other North Indian Dialect Groups like the Gujeratis, Sindhis, Punjabis, Bengalis, they were in the lower strata of working life. They worked hard, saved and sent a lot of their income back to their ancestral villages to build better homes and more land so that they could return at the end of their working life for a more comfortable retirement. They had no thoughts of sinking their roots in Singapore as they regarded it as a place of work

The first generation of local born people of Bhojpuri descent ( 1940 onwards) had the benefit of better education and the support of their parents for a better life. They became civil servants, lawyers, teachers, military officers, police officers, engineers, businessmen and rose above the humbler professions. The greatest change in them was that they came to look at Singapore as their home.

The second generation local born, 1965 onwards, received better education and with the new opportunities in a multi racial and vibrant Singapore has started their path to professional excellence and is now in many good professions.

From 2000 onwards, a new generation of Bhojpuri Speaking People from UP, Bihar and other parts of the world have started to come to Singapore as trained IT Engineers, Bankers, Chemists, Doctors, Academics, Scientists and they have given a boost to the local born Bhojpuri Speaking People.

The Bhojpuri people share a common custom, social and cultural bond. In spite of their distant relocation their culture, rituals and customs are intact and are almost same whether they are in UP, Bihar, Jharkhand, MP etc. in India or anywhere else in different parts of the world.

Collectively, both parties i.e. local born and new migrants, have resolved that they will bring the BSP to a higher level of Social and Economic Standing on the same level as the other progressive Indian Sub Groups of North and South Indian Descent. Hence the birth of Bhojpuri Society  Singapore  in August 2005